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Gross Anatomy of the Foot


A farrier needs to have a good working knowledge of the anatomy (structure) and the physiology (function) of the horse and a detailed knowledge of the limbs of the equine particularly the lower limbs including the carpus (knee) and tarsus (hock).

Because he/she is dealing with a living structure and his/her work can and does affect the performance and wellbeing of the whole animal he/she should also have a thorough working knowledge of the overall musculoskeletal unit.

Horses are more reliant than ever on the knowledge and skill of the hoof care professional with an understanding of the anatomy, physiology and function of the lower limb, foot and all its component parts. The composition, position, and functional relationship of the component parts of the foot are so densely compacted that within the hoof capsule there is little room for manoeuvre.

In nature shape and form of a structure relate directly to function. The hoof capsule is such an example of this concept.

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